How Does COVID-19 Spread?

COVID-19 is a global pandemic that is not just an American problem. It has impacted some states across the U.S more severely than others, and some states that experienced devastating COVID numbers in the initial stages of the pandemic have made significant improvements in the number of infected and deaths. While it can be argued that COVID-19 is winding down in the U.S because of vaccination efforts, the coronavirus is still spreading and more Americans are getting infected. Still unsure about how the virus is spread? Here’s a look at what you need to know to protect yourself.


The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and World Health Organization (WHO) find it to be crucial that persons, patients included, understand the various ways that COVID-19 can be spread. In 2021, there have been recent updates about spread and transmission that are helpful to understand. COVID-19 is still being researched and the information around it keeps evolving. There’s still a lot for scientists to learn about COVID-19, especially with the emergence of new virus variants. Developing a better understanding of how the coronavirus is transmitted and spread is still an area of interest for researchers. 

Ways COVID-19 Spreads

The SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes COVID-19 is spread between people in different ways. 

According to WHO it can spread from an infected person’s mouth or nose in small liquid particles, ranging from larger respiratory droplets to smaller droplets, when they breathe, cough, sing, sneeze, or speak. 

  • The virus is spread from person-to-person primarily through close contact and respiratory droplets from coughing or sneezing. This close contact is typically within 1 meter. If virus-containing droplets are inhaled or come directly into contact with a person’s eyes, nose, or mouth, that person can become infected with COVID-19.
  • If the virus is present in poorly ventilated and/or crowded indoor settings, where it’s suspended in the air or travels more than a meter, persons in that space for a long period can contract COVID-19.
  • A person can also become infected with the virus if he or she touches a surface on which the virus is present then used the contaminated hand to touch the eyes, nose, mouth 

The CDC maintains that how easily the SARS-CoV-2 virus spreads from person to person can vary.

You have a personal responsibility to stay informed about the COVID-19 developments in the U.S while also taking some time to get a second opinion about COVID-19 concerns from urgent care. Reach out to the medical professionals at your local urgent care center for assistance with COVID-19 questions.